Monday, August 1, 2016

Music Theory Part 5: Chord inversions & more

Chord Inversions:

Chord inversions are made up of C, E, & G the C note is the root or the main note D is second & the E note is third. F is fourth while G is the fifth note which creates it.

There’s no inversion with the main chord since it’s at the bottom which makes it the first inversion chord of C major while the fifth of the chord is at the bottom which is the F chord.

C Major is chord one or the first inversion, G major is the second inversion making it the bottom. They’re comprised root, 3rd & 5th base.

Repeats - D.C & D.S al Fine

This talks about how notes repeat on the staff DC  means da capo to start or to go back to the beginning while DS  means Da segno or to go from the sign. You play the song in which at any time you see these two signs you play at either the sign or the start.

Circle of 5ths:

The circle of 5ths are used to find out relative majors & minors to which ever note you’re looking to match. Examples of this are finding out the equivalent minor to a major note. An example is C major to F minor. You can use the circle to find the matching note you want to play.

How to start it is by numbering out the letters in a circle you can also use this to match up sharp & flat notes.


Quarter Tones:

These are notes that are a  half step apart from each other which is half of a quarter note which is raised by a quarter of a tone that of sharp note.  You can raise a note lower or higher or one to three quarters. Using a symbol of 2 flats back to back you go down to a three D quarter note.

You can also use the symbol to go  either higher or lower when using a sharp or a flat note whenever you play a piece of music. But most instruments such as the piano can’t play it.


Time repeats which are done in pairs are done at the beginning & the end of a song which is done in measures however in doing this you have to play from the repeated sign going back to the beginning. But you don’t play the first measure instead you play the second line but you play the first time measure in the repeat.

In a whole section repeat you start at the beginning with a start at the start repeat & then at the end you’d play to the end with the end repeat sign. On occasion there may not be any start or end repeat signs meaning you’ll have to play the piece through.




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